Search This Blog

Saturday, June 19, 2010

Art Series VI

I Realism
The Eiffel Tower is the symbol for the Realism period in the Pre-Modern Era. It represents realism and technology and the idea of men trying to control the world around them. The Eiffel Tower was designed by Alexandre Gustave Eiffel.

Architecture was sophisticated concentrating on engineering principles. Functionalism replaced historical styles.
Biblioteque Nationale

Ste. Genevieve Library

Crystal Palace @1st World Fair

Gage building

Flat Iron Building
Realist painters portrayed the practicalities of everyday life. The Academics opposed the Realists such as Van Gogh, Darwin and Marx.
Physical labor was the subject of art in this century.
Gustave Corbet

Gustave Corbet

II Impressionism

In this art period, colors were used to flatten forms into 2 dimensions. Backgrounds were sketchy and blurred.

Edouard Manet Salon de Refuses

Pierre Auguste Renoir Two Sisters

Renoir The Box at The Opera

Claude Monet Water Lilies

Claude Monet Irises
Artists study the effects of light on the atmosphere. Brilliant colors are created and used in separate flecks of color and blended together by the human eye. Impressionists set thier easels outdoors to catch the effects of sunlight.
Daguerre invents the camera.

III Post-Impressionism Era
Post-Impressionist artists were divided into two categories. Formalists such as Georges Seurat and Paul Cezanne believed that the value of the artistic piece is entirely determined by its form-the way it is made-it's purely visual aspects.  Expressionists believed that there were no limitations on how he expressed his interpretation of the subject in his work. Seurat used pointillism methods in creating his art, using dots and fleck strokes of his paintbrush.
 Cezanne used square colored planes which gave each object its own perspective within the same work.

 Picasso used cubism that lent a fragmented feel to his work.

Gauguin used long curved paintbrush strokes.

Some artists used a combination of artistic methods in their work.

Van Gogh's Starry Night

Art Nouveau became popular in advertising.

The denial of reality was becoming evident in art. Man no longer felt he controlled his environment. There were expressions of fear of the future.

Edvard Munch
Technology in the 20th Century to follow.......